What is tonsillitis?

Tonsillitis refers to the inflammation or infection in the tonsils. Tonsils are two oval-shaped tissues at the back of the throat. They are considered the first line of defense against bacteria and viruses that enter the body through the mouth and nose. Tonsillitis is most prevalent in children and teenagers but can occur to anyone. It is generally caused due to bacterial or viral infections. Treatment for tonsillitis depends on the severity of the condition and the cause of infection. Severe cases of tonsillitis may require surgical removal of the tonsils, known as tonsillectomy.

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  • Viral infections
  • Bacterial infections
  • Frequent exposure to germs
  • Fever and headaches
  • Bad breath
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen tonsils
  • Stiffness in neck
  • Fussiness in babies
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Inflammation of tonsils
  • Tender lymph nodes on the side of the neck
  • Working or living in close proximity with the infected individual
  • Exposure to bacteria and viruses which can lead to inflamed tonsils
  • Cardiac diseases
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Prolonged use of the corticosteroids
  • Wash hands often
  • Adopt good hygienic habits
  • Avoid sharing drink and food
  • Replace your toothbrush regularly
  • Take prescribed medications regularly
  • Complete the antibiotic course if you’re undergoing any
  • Drink ice water after the tonsillectomy surgery to reduce the bleeding
  • Don’t take shower or wash your face with hot water
  • Avoid spicy food with sharp edges.

Frequently Asked Question

Tonsillitis caused due to bacterial infections can be cured on its own within a week or two depending on the severity of the condition. However, chronic tonsillitis needs medications and, in severe cases, surgery.

Tonsillectomy or surgical removal of tonsils is considered one of the most effective procedures to cure tonsillitis. It involves advanced laser methods to remove the infected tonsils to reduce discomfort and improve the quality of life.
Betadine gargles are very efficient in managing symptoms of tonsillitis in their early stages. If the cause of tonsillitis is due to bacterial infections, betadine gargles can help reduce the discomfort due to infected tonsils.
Possible complications of untreated tonsillitis are -
  • Infection
  • Scarlet fever
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Quinsy or peritonsillar abscess
Tonsillectomy can take anywhere between 40 minutes to 50 minutes, depending on the severity of the condition and the surgical expertise of the ENT specialist.
No, tonsillectomy is not painful since it is done under general or local anesthesia. This means that the patient will either be sedated or asleep throughout the procedure. However, there may be a mild discomfort around the surgical site after the effect of anesthesia wears off.
Consider the following factors while choosing the best ENT specialist for tonsillectomy in Lucknow -
  • Reputation of the hospital
  • Experience of the ENT specialist
  • Reputation of the surgeon
  • Number of surgeries performed
  • Track record of successful surgeries
  • Accessibility of the surgeon (nearby)
  • Patient reviews
The cost of tonsillectomy in Lucknow starts from Rs. 30,000 depending on the severity of the condition and several factors such as surgeon’s fees, choice of hospital, etc.
Several factors that affect the cost of tonsillectomy are -
  • Selection of hospital (government or private)
  • General fee of the ENT specialist
  • Experience and expertise of the ENT specialist
  • Type of anesthesia used (local or general)
  • Post-consultation charges
  • Cost of medications
  • Insurance coverage
Some health insurance companies cover the cost of tonsillectomy partially or fully if it is deemed a medical necessity. However, the insurance claim depends on your insurance policy and the terms and conditions set by the insurance provider.

Preparing your child for the tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy is an outpatient procedure which means the patients can go home on the same day of the surgery after consulting with the doctor. However, removing enlarged or infected tonsils can be a frightening experience for some children that can make them anxious or nervous about the procedure. Provide strong reassurance and support to your child by talking to them. Explaining the benefits of surgery can encourage them to undergo surgery. Here is how you can help your child prepare for the surgery and help them feel better –

  • Inform your healthcare institute or the ENT doctor about any ongoing medication or medical condition before the surgery. It is important that you inform the ENT doctor about any history of allergic reaction to anesthesia as it might be dangerous for your child during the operation. 
  • Since tonsillectomy is a major procedure, your child may need a week off from school. Avoid outings for two weeks after the surgery apart from follow-up visits. Your child must refrain from eating or drinking anything 8 hours prior to the surgery. Fasting is important for anesthesia to effectively work and minimize the risk of vomiting during the surgery. 
  • Recovery is an essential part of the procedure, so it is important to plan a diet accordingly. In addition, you can ask the ENT doctor about any dietary restrictions and pain relievers to help manage the pain for a smooth recovery. 

What to expect after your tonsillectomy procedure?

  • Tonsillectomy is an effective procedure to cure tonsillitis by removing the infected tonsils via surgical methods. You may experience pain for 2-3 days, which is normal after any surgery. The pain can last for even a week in some cases but decreases gradually.
  • There may be some discoloration around the surgical area which may take around 3-4 weeks to recover completely. Meanwhile, the patient must take adequate rest and limit excessive exertion during this time. 
  • There may be a risk of some bleeding after the surgery, and so you can prescribe some medications that can reduce the pain and help with the smooth recovery. It is important that you keep yourself hydrated by drinking plenty of water to reduce nausea.

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